The training program for responders should include a brief synopsis of behavioral trends and patterns of past offenders through lessons learned. The responder must maintain a general vigilance and should be trained to recognize specific indicators when a suspect is navigating the critical transition from the planning stage to execution of the event. Often these behavioral indicators can vary from counter surveillance (i.e. security measure probes) to planning rehearsals at the location or intended target of the offender. The responder must maintain a continual situational awareness to be able to identify abnormal actions amongst the public as well as outside threats. It is essential that responders be trained with an appropriate level of cognitive tools to identify, isolate, and enact procedures to interdict the incident well before the violent act is committed.

  • Long term behavioral indicators (i.e., social isolation, mental health traits, behavioral patterns, obsession with violence and firearms)
  • Short term behavioral indicators (i.e., body language)
  • Physical indicators (i.e., clothes, age, visitors, passes)
  • Locations (restricted-authorized)
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